The Ice Pigeon (Polish: Lazurek; German: Eistaube) is a breed of fancy pigeon developed over many years of selective breeding. Ice Pigeons, along with other varieties of domesticated pigeons, are all descendants from the Rock Pigeon (Columba livia).
In 1856, Charles Darwin is known to have crossbred the Ice Pigeon in order to ascertain colour patterns. This work came just three years before his groundbreaking publication, On the Origin of Species.
The breed is known and named for its "ice-blue" colour. It was first developed in the region from eastern Germany to western Poland, with most early breeding in Saxony and Silesia. Two or three distinct lineages, bred for centuries, were merged to form the modern-day Ice Pigeon: one was light-winged with dark eyes, and another one or two had black wing markings and reddish eyes.
The Ice Pigeon has several varieties, differing in the type and color of their wing pattern. All are otherwise unpatterned, except for a wide black tail-end band; the ends of the rectrices are white. The basic color of Ice Pigeons is a pale grey. They appear even lighter due to their abundant powder down, which covers the entire plumage in whitish dust; its Polish name Lazurek ("glazed pigeon") refers to this. The English and German names refer to the coloration, which in bright light appears "icy" white with a very slight buish hue. All varieties may have feathered or unfeathered feet.